The first centres established in the current site were Roman, of which there are some remains left even today. Later, under Moorish control, Castro Castle and its population played an important role in their resistance to the Christian Conquest. It was a centre of resistance at various stages in its history. In the 20th century this area had an important role in the Spanish Civil War, being the last Republican stronghold on the Ebro Front to be lost to the Nationals.
Highlights in Alfondeguilla include the picturesque structure of its steep, narrow streets. The village has two entrances: one on Avenida Betxí and the other via the Calle Mayor (the village's main road), both of which lead to the square, where the San Bartolomé parish church is located. Heading towards the oldest part of the village, known as Castellet, we find the Calvary, on the outskirts of the village, another element of the architectural ensemble.